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Cost Audit represents the verification of cost accounts and check on the adherence to cost accounting plan. Cost Audit ascertains the accuracy of cost accounting records to ensure that they are in conformity with Cost Accounting principles, plans, procedures and objective.


  1. To establish the accuracy of costing data. This is done by verifying the arithmetical accuracy of cost accounting entries in the books of accounts.
  2. To ensure that cost accounting principles are governed by the management objectives and these are strictly adhered in preparing cost accounts.
  3. To ensure that cost accounts are correct and also to detect errors, frauds and wrong practice in the existing system.
  4. To check up the general working of the costing department of the organization and to make suggestions for improvement.
  5. To help the management in taking correct decisions on certain important matters i.e to determine the actual cost of production when the goods are ready.
  6. To reduce the amount of detailed checking by the external auditor if effective internal cost audit system is in operation.
  7. Use as decision making tool for Management Decision making.


Advantages of Cost Audit:

To The Management

  1. Cost audit helps in detection of errors and frauds.
  2. The management gets accurate and reliable data based on which they can make day-to-day decisions like price fixation.
  3. It helps in cost control and cost reduction.
  4. It facilitates the system of standard costing and budgetary control.
  5. It helps the management in inter-unit / firm comparison.
  6. It enables the management to identify loss making propositions.


To The Government

  1. Cost audit ensures efficient functioning of the industry. This in turn, nurtures a healthy competition among the different companies and paves a path for fast progress.
  2. It helps in identification of sick units and enables the Government to make relevant decisions.
  3. It helps in fixing prices in the case of essential commodities and checking undue profiteering.
  4. It enables to take decisions as to granting of subsidies, incentives and protection to various industries.
  5. It helps to take decisions as to levies, duties and taxes.


To the Society

  1. Cost audit enables the Government to fix prices of essential commodities. This safeguards the interests of the society.
  2. Cost audit enables the Government to keep a check on undue profiteering by the manufacturers and avoids artificial price rise due to monopolistic tendencies.


To the Shareholders

  1. Cost audit reveals whether any of the products of the company are making losses. Thus though the company making an overall profit, a loss making line may eat up the company’s profits. This is brought to the notice of the shareholders and the management is forced to take remedial measures, thereby making optimum utilization of resources.
  2. Cost audit ensures that the shareholders get a fair return on their investments.
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